If you’re an employee, you are legally protected against workplace discrimination, but unfortunately, too many people don’t know their rights and some employers count on that fact so they can continue manipulating and mistreating workers.
There are a few protections in place, however, that you should know about.
Title VII of the Civil Rights Act protects employees against discrimination based on, for example, race, sex, religion, and nationality. This is a basic level of protection put in place in 1964.
The Equal Pay Act of 1963 aims to prevent sex-based wage discrimination. As long as the jobs require equal skill and the employee meets the requirements, an employer must pay them the same regardless of gender.
The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) protects employees with disabilities from discrimination. No employer may reject, fire, or otherwise, discriminate against an employee with a disability who is able to do their job. The employer must also provide reasonable accommodations.
New Jersey also has protections in place for employees. Included in this are the New Jersey Law Against Discrimination and the Diane B Allen Equal Pay Act. These are similar to federal protections, but they also add protection for things like civil union status, hereditary blood traits, ancestry, and more.